'''Miles Dewey Davis III''' (May 26, 1926September 28, 1991) was an American jazz
trumpeter, bandleader, and composer. He is among the most influential and acclaimed figures in the history of jazz and 20th century music. With his ever-changing directions in music, Davis was at the forefront of a number of major stylistic developments in jazz over his five-decade career.
Born and raised in Illinois
, Davis began performing in 1940s New York City|New York
with saxophonist Charlie Parker
before recording the ''Birth of the Cool
'' sessions for Capitol Records
, which were instrumental to the development of cool jazz
. In the early 1950s, he recorded some of the earliest hard bop
music while on Prestige Records
but did so haphazardly due to a heroin addiction. After a widely acclaimed comeback performance at the Newport Jazz Festival
in 1955, he signed a long-term contract with Columbia...